The strength of glass, hidden damage


  • Frederic Veer Delft University of Technology
  • Yurii Rodichev G.S. Pisarenko Institute for Problems of Strength




The strength of float glass is a necessary engineering parameter. Determining this strength is a complex problem. Earlier results have shown that statistically bending test results are not a homogeneous group. To explain this, a theory of “hidden damage” is proposed. The essence of this theory is that the different sides of float glass are unequal, not only because of the differences between the Tin and nitrogen sides, but because of the difference between the side scored under the sheet glass cutting and the side which has the crack propagation from the scored side in breaking. Extensive tests on rolled glass suggest that the rolling process damages the glass in a special way, causing “invisible” damage – statistically not a homogeneous distribution of micro-cracks on the edge surface of glass element. These micro-cracks are different on the scored and broken sides of glass. They are the fracture source under the loading and influence negatively on glass element strength and statistics of strength data.This “invisible” damage explains most if not all of the non-homogenous distribution of the test results. It is shown that removal of this damage on the edges of glass elements increases the engineering strength of float glass significantly.





Strength & Stability


Glass strength, statistical distribution