Experimental Investigation into the Effect of Elevated Temperatures on the Fracture Strength of Soda-Lime-Silica Glass
A comprehensive understanding of the fire performance of construction products is necessary to achieve fire safety of buildings. However, the behaviour of structural glass in elevated temperatures and fires is still relatively unknown. Glass is susceptible to thermal shock and its changing material properties when subjected to high temperatures makes predicting the behaviour of glass in fire complex. This paper investigates the fracture behaviour and fracture strength of soda-lime-silica glass at elevated temperatures in a range which is relevant for e.g. early fire stages. An experimental co-axial double ring (CDR) setup was designed according to ASTM C1499-19. This setup was installed in an environmental chamber on a universal testing machine to control the temperature during the tests. First, multiple CDR tests at a controlled temperature of 25°C were performed to get an experimental strength distribution at ambient temperatures. Second, CDR tests were performed at a controlled elevated temperature (i.e. a uniform temperature of 275°C) to attain a distribution of the corresponding strength. This paper presents the results of these tests and the comparison of the ambient temperature data with the elevated temperature data. Additionally, numerical simulations are performed to predict the behaviour of elevated temperatures on soda-lime-silica glass. These simulations are then compared to the experimental results and some points of attention are raised.
Copyright (c) 2022 Evelien Symoens, Ruben Van Coile, Jan Belis
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